The different components of an implant


Permanently fixing prosthetic teeth to an implant involves several steps and several components.

What is an implant abutment?


  • The prosthetic teeth cannot be cemented or screwed to the implant as this would cause irritation of the gum and bone.
  • It is therefore necessary to use an intermediate piece, called an implant abutment, which is screwed into the implant.
  • This abutment provides access to the gum.
  • The prosthetic teeth are then cemented or screwed to the abutment.
  • The abutment can be made of titanium or zirconium (ceramic) for the front teeth.
  • The implant is usually screwed in flush with the bone.

What is a cover screw?


  • Cover screws are used in implant mounting techniques using two-stage surgery.
  • The implant has threads for prosthetic pieces to be screwed in.
  • At the end of the surgical procedure, this thread is sealed by means of a flat screw: the cover screw.
  • This is removed in a second surgical procedure and is replaced with a healing ring or abutment.

What is a healing cap or abutment?


  • The prosthetic teeth and the prosthetic abutment have to penetrate the gum.
  • After the implant is mounted, access to the implant threading has to be maintained through the mouth cavity in order to allow the various pieces to be screwed in.
  • To do this, a healing cap or abutment is placed, temporarily, on the implant threading to prevent natural coverage by the gum.
  • This healing cap is very important as it guides the healing process. It is replaced permanently by the prosthetic abutment at a later stage.


Dental implants are produced by microprecision technology.

Pieces are generally made of titanium, a biocompatible material that does not cause allergies.