What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the first step in the development of periodontitis.

How do I know if I have this desease?

The clinical signs of gingivitis are those of inflammation:


  • A gum that is red rather than pink.
  • Swelling.
  • Bleeding when the teeth are brushed.
  • Sensitivity rather than pain as the gum has very few nerves.

How is gingivitis treated?

  • It affects the superficial  periodontium (the tissue supporting the teeth) and is reversible.
  • It occurs as a reaction to an accumulation of bacterial plaque.
  • Its treatment is based mainly on learning correct oral and dental hygiene techniques: this is known as plaque control.
  • In some cases of severe inflammation, antiseptics in the form of mouthwashes may be prescribed by the dentist for a short period of time (one week).
  • Good brushing is enough to treat it. Scaling of the teeth simply complements this by eliminating tartar.


A gum that bleeds or is swollen is a sign of gingivitis.

Even if it is not very painful, these symptoms mean you need to see your dental surgeon.