Gingivitis is the first step in the development of periodontitis.
How do I know if I have this desease?
The clinical signs of gingivitis are those of inflammation:
- A gum that is red rather than pink.
- Bleeding when the teeth are brushed.
- Sensitivity rather than pain as the gum has very few nerves.
How is gingivitis treated?
- It affects the superficial periodontium (the tissue supporting the teeth) and is reversible.
- It occurs as a reaction to an accumulation of bacterial plaque.
- Its treatment is based mainly on learning correct oral and dental hygiene techniques: this is known as plaque control.
- In some cases of severe inflammation, antiseptics in the form of mouthwashes may be prescribed by the dentist for a short period of time (one week).
- Good brushing is enough to treat it. Scaling of the teeth simply complements this by eliminating tartar.
A gum that bleeds or is swollen is a sign of gingivitis.
Even if it is not very painful, these symptoms mean you need to see your dental surgeon.